Maybe there is an unsolved mystery in the family tree gnawing, "father unknown", "born out of wedlock 'or burnt church records, sometimes there are simply limits to how far you can get by browsing the paper and online. But the mystery may be solved - with DNA.
- Technology has moved so far forward that tests a few years ago was really expensive ones are not anymore. Now anyone can afford to make them, explains Bo-Göran Persson from Skelleftea involved in genealogy.
It's pretty simple, you rub a swab or a small brush on the inside of the cheeks, send it to the lab in the United States and wait a month, then pop your results on a website. There are three types of DNA tests available, one goes about ten generations back, and two of them can trace your origins back thousands of years, one of my mother's side and one on father. Bo-Göran has done all three.
- I have been doing genealogy for about 20 years and one becomes never done, there's always more to see, more to look at.
One should not believe that DNA is a shortcut or some form of "the lates way to genealogy." You may not get a complete family tree, but it is usually used as a complement to more traditional genealogy.
- You have to have something to link it to. DNA is a way to safety check their paper research. There can be uncertainty, such as unknown fathers, or if the priest noted errors in the parish register. But DNA never lies.
This means that it may require a little more detective work to fill in any holes, the name of such an unknown father pops's not automatically because you have done a test, unless you have been so lucky that more people did the same test and You can be connected together. But it can be a start. Bo-Göran explains that when, for example, look at the Y-DNA, which is inherited from father to son, so you get to know which group you belong to, called a haplogroup.
- And everyone in the group has a common ancestor, so I know that my great-great-grandfather must also have belonged to the haplogroup. And if you managed to zero in on a suspect's father, you might try to persuade any descendant of that person to do the same test. And if you have the same Y-DNA is a high likelihood that it circled the right person.
Bo-Göran checked their DNA back much further than a few generations, and he displays a map of how the group he belongs to taking over the world. The first point begins in East Asia, for 30 000 years ago.
- Then you can see how my Y-DNA has wandered through Europe. The haplogroup I belong, R1B, is very common in Europe today. But it has not occurred here but came here after the ice age.
The map shows the squiggly way up to Scandinavia, with stops in different eras.
- Most likely I belong to a group who then lived in northern Spain and France around 2 000 years before Christ. Then one of them moved up to the British Isles. When I make my Y-DNA test, I get very many family gatherings in Ireland and Scotland. Probably the fact is that about the year 850 after Christ, we have a common ancestor whose son and sons then made their way to the Nordic countries for generations. On 1600's we had taken us to Lövånger, where I have my oldest known relative.
Now he has ordered even deeper test of the Y chromosome to get further knowledge. That said, it will never be finished with genealogy.
- It's fascinating to get an unbroken father's line 30 000 years, or ever since we walked out of Africa. Otherwise I would not be sitting here. The DNA found in humans, there is in me too.